Pedagogical Framework

An easy and effective way to implement the 5E Instructional Model.

  • Science Bits brings educational research on how people learn to your classroom through activities and lesson plans accurately designed to foster conceptual change and learning with understanding.
    • Every Science Bits lesson is clearly organized around a friendly 5E Instructional Model. What is the 5E Instructional Model?
    • Learning objectives aim at skills development through virtual and hands-on practices, and focus on the achievement of crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas.
    • The nature of science and research is integrated into every phase of a learning-by-doing approach to science learning.
    • Complete key resources and activity guides are provided at every step to help teachers successfully implement the lessons.
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    Science Bits’ 5E Instructional Model

        • Pedagogical Cover


          Before starting

          Includes a visual index of all 5E steps in the unit, learning goals, and an activity that tests students on the unit's prerequisites.

        • Pedagogical EngageEngage


          Get students’ attention and interest

          A motivating video presents an initial situation in a familiar and meaningful context and then exposes a problem or a discrepant event that students can't explain with their current ideas. Next, an activity about the video activates students' prior knowledge.

        • Pedagogical ExploreExplore


          Construct new knowledge through inquiry

          A guided inquiry-based activity challenges students' initial knowledge and conceptions, and provides opportunities to resolve the puzzlements of the previous phase. Students investigate phenomena, discuss ideas and make connections. The teacher becomes a facilitator who listens, observes, and guides students to their understanding. In this stage we can find virtual experiments, interactive explorations, Predict-Observe-Explain video-activities, etc.

        • Pedagogical ExplainExplain


          Formal concept exposition and exercises

          The conceptual contents of the unit are formally presented in a systematic manner, using a wide range of multimedia resources. At this point, the ideas which have been both learned intuitively and through discovery are formalized and made universal. Every concept developed in this section is accompanied by interactive exercises that aim at consolidating what has been learned by means of practice. These exercises are designed to be carried out in groups using a digital whiteboard, or individually on the student’s computer.

        • Pedagogical ElaborateElaborate


          Apply concepts and procedures

          This stage includes a problem-based activity. This activity requires the application of concepts, attitudes, and procedures learned by the student in the unit, in order to solve a new problem in a new situation.

    • Pedagogical EvaluateEvaluate


      Review and evaluate new knowlegde

      To finish, the unit presents two resources of high educational value: one for review and the other for assessment. The first one includes a video which goes over the main concepts taught as the final revision of the unit, while the second one includes a final self-correcting test based on the principles of skills assessment. The test is not based on the evaluation of the students’ ability to learn concepts by heart, but on the practical application of the learned knowledge and procedures.

    If you wish to know more about the BSCS 5E Instructional Model, the following book is highly recommended:

    The BSCS 5E Instructional Model
    The BSCS 5E Instructional Model.

    Creating Teachable Moments

    Rodger W. Bybee

    NSTA press, 2015

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